Black Fungus Or Mucormycosis : Causes| Symptoms| Treatment
Black fungus is an infection that occurs in people whose immunity has become very weak. Diabetes, HIV, AIDS, cancer, etc., greatly weaken the body’s immune system. Therefore, there is a high probability of black fungal infection in patients suffering from any of these fatal diseases. Because their immunity is very weak. Corona’s patients with diabeties are highly prone to mucormycosis. In this article, we will give you complete information about the causes, symptoms and treatment of black fungus or Mucormycosis. Let’s know what is black fungus? And which people have their infection?
What is Black Fungus or Mucormycosis?
Black fungus is very rare and very deadly fungal infection. It is also known as Mucormycosis caused by mucor fungus species. This fungus is commonly occurs in the environment around us such as in soil, decaying vegitables and fruits, manure even your mucus of nose.
But this does not cause any harm to a healthy person because the immune system of our body does not allow this disease to flourish. And keeps it destroy, but as the body’s immunity drops drastically, the black fungus effectively attacks and destroys langs, eyes, sinuses etc and damage it. If there is an infection reach in the brain, the chances of death of the patient are very high.
What is causes of black fungus?
The major cause of black fungus or mucormycosis infection is the weakening of immunity. Spreading in corona-infected patients who are already diabetic. Diabetes plays an important role in reducing the body’s resistance. But it does not reduce the immunity so much that there is a possibility of infection of black fungus.
Then comes the matter of how black fungus is infecting patients with diabetes? An overdose of steroid medication is being given to the corona-infected patient to recover. The steroid plays a very important role in droping the immunity of the body. And thus the immunity of the body is becoming so low that the black fungus is easily attacking.
What is symptoms of black fungus/mucormycosis?
Those patients who are suffering from the black fungal infection typically have symptoms:
Symptoms of rhino-cerebral ( Sinuses and brain) mucormycosis include:
- Stuffyy and bleeding nose
- Black patches on skin arround the nose
- Blurr or Loss of vision
- Dropping of eyelids
- Swelling and pain in eyes
- One sided swelling in face
- loosening of teeth
- Nasal or sinus congestion
When black fungus’s infection go pulmonary (lungs) reason-
Symptoms of pulmonary (lungs) mucormycosis include:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
Symptoms of Gastro-intestinal Mucormycosis include:
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Intestinal bleeding
Cutaneous(skin) mucormycosis having blister or ulcer like symptoms and infected area become black alongwith redness and swelling.
It is also consider that uses of ordinary water in flow meter of oxygen cylinders for covid patient being causes of fungal infection.
Most of black fungus’s patients are middle-aged diabetics who were struck down by the fungus two weeks after recovering from corona or during treatment also.
Read also<< How to increase oxygen level naturally
What is tretment of black fungus?
The black fungus does not stick in one place after entering the body, rather it continuously spreads from one place to another such as nose, lungs, intestine, eyes, etc. And finally it becomes fatal for the patient after the infection reaches in the brain.
The infected tissue is removed surgically to save the patient’s life, even in severe cases, the patient’s eye and upper jaw may have to be removed. The patient has to give anti fungal intravenous injection for upto 4 to 6 weeks.
Self tretment strictly prohibited for black fungus or mucormycosis. Patients should be always take tretment under the guidance of professional medical supervision, otherwise it can be fatal for patients.
As mentioned earlier, black fungus is a very rare and fatal disease. There is more chance of death in it, even if a little late in treatment. If the infection is only in the sinus area then it can be cured by proper medicine. And if it has infected more in the eyes or upper parts of the mouth, then there is no other option except to remove them surgically. After an infection in the brain, the patient’s can’t save their life.
Side effects of medicines given in black fungus are also seen. Problems related to kidney disorders, neurological tissue damage and stroke have been seen. But still these medicines are used to avoid black fungus. Diabetes patients have to be very cautious. Regular monitoring of sugar levels is necessary if infected with corona. This disease can be avoided by regular monitoring and control of sugar level and also with the advice of the appropriate doctor.